Some things should be read quickly and effortlessly and some should be read slowly and even laboriously. Zadeh is credited with inventing the specific idea of a "fuzzy concept" in his seminal paper on fuzzy sets, because he gave a formal mathematical presentation of the phenomenon that was widely accepted by scholars.
They forget that it is possible for a man to acquire the idea, to possess the beauty, which a great book contains, without staking his claim by pasting his bookplate inside the cover. Zadeh proposed the notion of a fuzzy set that gave birth to the field of fuzzy logic There are all kinds of devices for marking a book intelligently and fruitfully.
Fuzzy logic In mathematics and computer sciencethe gradations of applicable meaning of a fuzzy concept are described in terms of quantitative relationships defined by logical operators. Circling or highlighting of key words or phrases. Across time, however, philosophers and scientists began to reflect about those kinds of problems, in much more systematic ways.
The most famous "active" reader of great books I know is President Hutchins, of the University of Chicago. This suggests at least that the awareness of the existence of concepts with "fuzzy" characteristics, in one form or another, has a very long history in human thought.
You may want to fold the bottom comer of each page on which you use such marks. Let me develop these three points. You may want to fold the bottom comer of each page on which you use such marks.
You will lend him your car or your coat -- but your books are as much a part of you as your head or your heart. InLotfi A. A few friends are better than a thousand acquaintances. Understanding is a two-way operation; learning doesn't consist in being an empty receptacle.
Moreover, he argued that to model such concepts mathematically is important for the tasks of control, decision making, pattern recognition, and the like.
Arturo Toscanini reveres Brahms, but Toscanini's score of the G minor Symphony is so thoroughly marked up that no one but the maestro himself can read it. Some things should be read quickly and effortlessly and some should be read slowly and even laboriously.
The problem then becomes one of how we could ascertain the kind of validity that the statement does have. The most famous "active" reader of great books I know is President Hutchins, of the University of Chicago.
We may have some probability chance, degree of belief that the sentence is true; but probability is not a degree of truth. Compare the last proposition with the proposition "The patient will survive next week".
This is the basic idea of a "fuzzy concept lattice", which can also be graphed; different fuzzy concept lattices can be connected to each other as well for example, in " fuzzy conceptual clustering " techniques used to group data, originally invented by Enrique H.
If, when you've finished reading a book, the pages are filled with your notes, you know that you read actively. With many other processes and gradations, however, the point of change is much more difficult to locate, and remains somewhat vague.
A fuzzy concept is a concept of which the boundaries of application can vary considerably according to context or conditions, instead of being fixed once and for all.
This means the concept is vague in some way, lacking a fixed, precise meaning, without however being unclear or meaningless altogether. It has a definite meaning, which can be made more precise only through further elaboration.
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Shop with. How to Mark a Book. By Mortimer J. Adler, Ph.D. From The Saturday Review of Literature, July 6, You know you have to read "between the lines" to get the most out of anything.
I want to persuade you to do something equally important in the course of your reading.
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